We will try to take stock of the current situation regarding the technical control And custom motorcycles. We will also make a tour of Europe to see the situation in countries neighboring France. Then we will try to project ourselves in order to see what can wait for us in France.
Read the latest news fromJUNE 2023 on the subject:https://remmotorcycle.com/blogs/remmotorcycle/le-controle-technique-moto-prevu-pour-2023
What we know today for France.
After years of struggle (partly thanks to FFMC), motorcycle technical inspection has not yet been introduced in France. It has been postponed for years. This is a subject that has come back to the forefront since the 2000s.
It is a European law, therefore, which will, most certainly, be applied one day or another... But alternatives can be found.
As you probably know, there was a vote in the European Parliament on February 25, 2021 (48 votes for and 1 vote against - as a reminder there are 705 MEPs) for the application of technical inspection of 2 wheels in 2022 as provided for in the European directive 2014/45/EU.
Please note that according to European directives, European countries are not not required to adopt the motorcycle technical inspection if they cannot justify measures aimed at reducing the number of accidents (the doubling of safety barriers, the repair of roads, or the use of abrasive paints for ground markings, etc.).
This alternative system only concerns the few European countries who have already implemented these measures.
Update from 05/17/2022:
Read the latest information about the motorcycle inspection:
To put it simply, only 5% of motorcycle accidents are caused by a technical problem. The cost/benefit ratio of this measure no longer needs to be demonstrated. Indeed, such a measure will cost taxpayers dearly without any convincing results.
A second study called MAIDS (Motorcycle Accident in Depth Study), carried out in 2005, shows that only 0.3% of accidents are linked to a technical failure (mainly linked to tires).
On the other side, there are companies like DEKRA who are lobbying in Brussels in order to win a new market estimated at 1.5 billion euros per year.
Let's take a look at automobile technical inspection in order to better understand the issues and objectives.
It is important to understand that the CT (technical inspection) concerns functional and safety organs.
As Minister Elisabeth Borne recalled:
“The role of technical inspection is therefore to verify that the vehicles inspected do not harm road safety or the environment. It is not possible to validate or refuse transformations made to a vehicle., whether or not these modify its technical characteristics. This question of validation of vehicle modifications falls within the scope of approval on the one hand, with regard to notable transformations, and registration on the other hand, with regard to the modification of characteristics indicated on the certificate. registration. Vehicles subject to “tuning” have therefore been part of this general legislation for years. »
Vehicle control revolves around 9 main elements : steering, lighting and signaling, equipment, brakes, ground connection, mechanics, pollution and noise level, bodywork and chassis, visibility.
A modified car having benefited from a “swap”; that is to say a change of (generally) larger engine, and in which all the other components have been changed (front and rear axle, braking system, rims, steering wheel, transmissions, etc.) can perfectly have a valid technical inspection.
Thus a prepared vehicle, considered as illegal by the constabulary may have a valid technical inspection.
THE CT is just one of the elements needed to ride legally. It is added to a gray card, a insurance and one driving license for the vehicle concerned.
HOW DOES IT HAPPEN IN OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES?
Now that we have clarified the situation, we will take stock of the European situation to see how this European law is applied or not in different countries.
"The obligation to carry out periodic checks on motorcycles, tricycles and quadricycles, as well as on trailers and semi-trailers referred to in No. 3.1 of Annex I to this decree-law only takes effect from the publication of the decree referred to in No. 5 of Article 11."
EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WITH MOTORCYCLE TECHNICAL CONTROL:
Italy has applied controls since 2014 to all 2-wheelers.
The technical inspection must be carried outwithin 4 years following the date of the first recording thenevery two years.
The cost is €45 to €66.88 depending on the location where the exam is carried out (2020 price).
In the event of an infraction, the fine is between €173 (deadlines exceeded by a few weeks) to €8,009 and 3 months of administrative detention (if the motorcycle was already suspended from circulation).
In the event of an accident with a motorcycle without a validated examination, the insurance does not cover the costs.
The mandatory periodic inspection in Italy is used to check the following:
Electrical system (especially lights and buzzer)
Axle and suspension
Integrity of frame and number plate (i.e. identification check: frame number / manufacturer plate = CG number)
Noise levels (according to CG and manufacturer's plate)
Levels of polluting gases (if applicable)
Speed limit (for mopeds)
Noise and pollution limits are checked against the manufacturer's data when the vehicle has them or against the general scale established.
The speed limit is 45 km/h for mopeds.
Once you have passed the exam, there are 3 possibilities:
Valid: means that you can travel and that the next exam will take place in 2 years
Repeat: you can continue to drive, but you will have to repeat the exam within 1 month (if it does not pass validation).
Suspended: you will have to carry out the interventions indicated in the certificate in order to travel again
Here is the example of 2 motorcycles available on the Italian second-hand market and having Italian technical inspection:
Here is a BMW K100 whose buckle, saddle, exhaust, LED strip and other elements have been modified. This motorcycle has a validated examination.
Here is a Harley Road King from 2002 with preparation at €30k and Italy authorizes its use.
1977 HONDA CB750 Cafe Racer approved and inspected.
The technical inspection examination in Sweden focuses on the good condition and functioning of all elements of the motorcycle.
The control in detail:
- Chassis number check - manufacturer's plate / registration document
- Checking the frame, bodywork, front fork and suspensions (condition and operation).
- Engine and transmission are checked. This includes examining the fuel pipes, exhaust system, electrical system, power transmission systems such as drive/chain or pulley/belt and joints.
- Checking the brakes (including the ABS system) and carrying out a functional check. When checking the brakes, a check of the transmission, brakes, wheels, and actuation system is also carried out.
- The body is inspected, as well as the saddle, footrests, central and side supports in order to verify that no dangerous devices have been installed on the motorcycle.
- All lights and signaling systems are checked. This includes parking lights, reflectors, signal lights, brake lights, indicators and headlights.
Following this general check, the motorcycle is lifted and further checks are carried out to check mechanical details such as wheels and tires Of course, your tires must meet the required tread depth. Check that the wheels are balanced and that the wheel bearings roll freely.
When checking the undercarriage, an examination of the appearance of the chassis underneath and the integrity of the engine mount.
Then there is a driving test in order to check the reaction of the shock absorbers, the steering, the controls, the brakes, the movements of the motorcycle, meters, lights etc...
This helps control rolling, transmission and exhaust noise.
A sound test can be performed if it is considered important.
On this subject:
"Sound monitoring during control inspections normally takes place during test rides. If the sound is significantly louder than normal, a measurement should be carried out. If you have a motorcycle that is fully approved for riding, racing and speed indicated on the manufacturer's plate apply. To this value, 5 dB (A) must be added to obtain the limit value of the motorcycle.If you own an older motorcycle, the travel and speed information with a limit value >103 dB(A) applies."
A motorcycle must be inspected in the following cases:
The first time no later than 48 months after the month in which the vehicle was first put into service.
Thereafter no later than 24 months after the month in which the previous comprehensive inspection was carried out.
Motorcycles aged 40 years and older may be exempt from inspection provided the motorcycle has a valid, approved inspection within the last two calendar years for the exemption to take effect.
This XJ600 has benefited from greater preparation with a lot of work on the buckle, the hull and saddle, as well as the tank.
German motorcycles are subject to a periodic inspection called TÜV For more than 20 years.
In Germany, it costs 90 euros for an inspection every two years to obtain the TüV label (Technischer Überwachungs Verein – association for technical inspection).
Germany has an extensive history of controls and benefits from a large network of competent companies in the field..
In addition to security checks common to other countries, Germany checks all parts installed.
Regarding modifications to motorcycles; There is two possibilities for the Germans:
Buy parts already certified TÜV
Have the modifications certified by an approved professional.
Take the example ofa rear buckle from BMW, there are products already approved TÜV and others not having this approval on the parts market. Products without certification can still obtain certification from an examiner TÜV after assembly.
The same applies to home-made parts which must be validated by an examiner. In this case the rule is simple, amateur work will most likely be penalized.
So yes, it is still possible to make a cafe racer or scrambler in Germany. However, the German budget for preparation is necessarily higher for the purchase of TUV parts and the passage to TUV inspection if necessary.
An important point to note, TUV centers cannot be compared to French technical inspection. In France, technical inspectors have no authorization to certify a vehicle or a part. This task falls to other organizations. These organizations are dissociated in France as well as in several countries.
There is nothing original left on this Harley and it is well registeredTÜV. Click on the source link to see the parts list.
In the Grand Duchy, the Motorcycle inspection has been in use for many years.
For €40, the points checked are as follows:
Headlights and bulbs
Condition and lifespan of tires
Fork triple clamp clearance
Chassis number match.
As well as any other element whose visual appearance would require a more detailed inspection. Among these are of course added accessories such as exhaust pipes, additional lights, etc.
In this case, the Luxembourg motorcyclist must go to the approval to determine that these accessories are approved. If this is the case, these will be entered on the registration card upon payment.
The technical inspection must be carried out:
Before returning to service a vehicle which has been subject tochangestechnical characteristicsof the approved series model (example:tuning);
After onemajor repairfollowing an accident (wheels, suspensions, deformation zones, steering, brakes, airbags, etc.);
After onerepair or transformation of the chassis;
Onspecial summonsif the expert of an insurance company has noted atechnical defectan organ that could affect the safety of the vehicle following an accident;
As part ofperiodic checks;
Onspecial summonsif the police found during a check that:
The vehicle does not comply with the approved technical characteristics;
There is an obvious technical defect in the vehicle.
“Are these measures effective?« It is very difficult to establish a link between accident and technical failure», explains Michel Turk, president of Eurobiker Luxembourg.« If the motorcycle passed the inspection in November 2018 and an accident takes place with this same motorcycle in September 2019, we cannot link this accident to a fault of the technical control center, unless this machine has only traveled a few kilometers between these two dates.»"
In short, other European countries that apply a motorcycle technical inspection:
Austria: controlafter 3 years from the first registration, then after 2 years and finally every year;
Bulgaria: examination every 2 years;
Croatia: control after 2 years from first registration, then every year;
Estonia: control after 3 years from first registration, then three times every 2 years and finally every year;
Greece: controlevery 2 years;
Latvia: check every 2 years;
Lithuania: control after 3 years from first registration, then every 2 years;
Poland: controlafter 3 years from the first registration, then after 2 years and finally every year;
United Kingdom: control after 3 years from first registration, then every year;
Czech Republic: control after 4 years from first registration, then every 2 years;
Romania: check every 2 years;
Slovakia: control after 4 years from first registration, then every 2 years;
Slovenia: control after 4 years from first registration, then twice every 2 years and finally every year;
Hungary: controlafter 4 years from the first registration, then every 2 years.
WHAT SAUCE WILL THE FRENCH BE EATED WITH?
Here are our assumptions for April 2021 after an overall study of the situation:
As we have seen, the situation and infrastructure in France are different from other countries.
France does not have a TUV type organization like in Germany and not approved professionals like in Spain.
Moreover, France has biker associations as the FFMC allowing the interests of motorcyclists to be defended.
It is therefore unlikely to have the application of a motorcycle technical inspection as in Germany and Spain.
THE motorcycle technical inspection should be carried out by the same centers which already carry out checks for cars. The technical inspection centers are not aware of the vehicle upon factory receipt. Their job is to follow specifications to ensure that the vehicle does not represent any risk from a road safety point of view.
Like Sweden or Italy.
Concerning the continuation ofevents
Firstly, France must clarify the situation on what will be applied.
Then, if the motorcycle technical inspection is chosen from all the solutions that can reduce the number of motorcyclist accidents, it will be necessary to define their characteristics.
In addition, you will have to wait minimum 2023 (see 2025) so that all technical centers acquire the necessary equipment to carry out checks for a motorcycle.
THE motorcycle technical inspection will perhaps be very close to Italian or Swedish motorcycle control with control of security elements efficient and non-discriminatory.
OTHER VALID POSSIBILITIES
Other solutions could be put in place instead of the obligatory technical inspection.
There may be a verification check in the event of a sale or after an accident. This is what the Wallonia region in Belgium is considering.
- More prevention
- More awareness
- More detailed checks carried out by the police and gendarmerie.
It is also possible that this will be further postponed and not discussed but in this case, France will be prey to EU sanctions.
THE TECHNICAL CONTROL WE MAY HAVE (IF APPLICABLE):
A motorcycle technical inspection based on road safety and the environment.
So an examination of all the elements linked to these themes.
Brake fluid level
Condition of brake pads and discs
Correct operation - Brake test
Operation of the different elements: indicators, front and rear lights, brake lights.
Presence and good working condition
Condition of the chain, belt or universal joint kit.
Check for possible leaks. (oil and, if applicable, coolant)
Presence and Goodoperating state
Presence and Goodoperating state
Presence and Goodoperating state
License plate lighting
Presence and good working order
Steering and suspension
Checking correct operation
Verification of chassis and registration document correspondence
An exhaust sound check could be added, and perhaps a pollution check depending on the year of the bike.
Basic checks and controls which are already carried out on most motorcycles by mechanics during servicing or interventions.
November 2022 update:
Read the latest information about the motorcycle inspection:
Here are some tips when modifying a motorcycle to ensure you can anticipate this check.
KEEP THE ORIGINAL PARTS
The first tip is to keep the original parts of the motorcycle if we plan to change certain elements that could be problematic. I'm thinking of the exhaust. We do not know if a technical center will have the technical means to control the sound volume of the motorcycle. So in this case, it would be better to keep the original exhaust.
FOR THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS, PREFER ELEMENTS WITH “E” MARKING
For indicators, headlights, rear lights, tires, choose products with the “E” label. This means that these elements meet European safety standards.
Indeed, perhaps the technical center could check this in addition to their proper functioning.
Please note that TUV or ABE standards have no value in France. However they can act as a quality label.
We know full well the importance the motorcyclist places on his motorcycle. The condition of motorcycles is much better than cars.
If you sense a problem but are not sure, do not hesitate to seek advice from experts. It's important that you feel safe on your motorcycle, but the most important thing is that you actually feel safe!
This allows you to be safe in addition to preventing possible inspections.
CALL ON A PROFESSIONAL OR AN EXPERT
It is not recommended to do anything too amateurish, in some cases your life depends on it.
We prioritize neat and clean work. To do this, you can surround yourself with friends with knowledge in each of the necessary areas (mechanics, bodywork, sheet metal, etc.) or directly with professionals.
Please note that the more careful the work, the safer you will be and protected from technical inspection problems. And you will be able to resell your project more easily.
Motorcycle preparation is not dead!
Firstly, we must fight to ensure that this unnecessary technical control is not applied in France.
Following the success of the demonstrationsApril 10 and 11 . The FFMC obtained a response from the government on this subject and confirmation of a postponement after 2022.
However, the fight is not over as no decision has been made yet.
As we have seen elsewhere in Europe, it is very difficult to harmonize this type of decision when each country has its own ways of doing things, its own tolerances and objectives.
Even if it is applied one day or another, you should know that it will relate to security, a motorcycle made correctly cannot be withdrawn from circulation.
Café racers, scramblers, bobbers, trackers still exist, even in countries where controls are drastic.
No, this is not the end, we will be able to continue customizing our motorcycles.
Do not hesitate to leave us a comment to react if any information is incorrect or if you have a question.